Roth 401(k) | Ed Slott and Company, LLC

Roth 401(k)

Roth IRA & Roth 401(k) – The Basics

Roth IRAs and Roth 401(k) plans are incredibly popular, and why wouldn’t they be? Both offer tax-free earnings and allow the account owner to pass tax-free dollars to their beneficiaries. However, despite the ubiquity of Roth accounts, there are some common misunderstandings about how Roth IRAs and Roth 401(k)s operate and interact with each other. Confusion swirls around such basic concepts as contribution limits, eligibility and Roth rollovers. For example, income limits apply to Roth IRA contributions only There are no income limits for designated Roth 401(k) plan salary deferrals. Contributions are the initial building block of Roth IRAs.

Do You Know All the Rules for Rolling Over a Roth 401(k)?

This week's Slott Report Mailbag examines 401(k)s, Roth 401(k)s, and spousal beneficiary rules.

How a Roth 401(k) is Different than a Roth IRA

Roth 401(k)s and Roth IRAs have a lot in common. Both offer the ability to make after-tax contributions now in exchange for tax-free earnings down the road if the rules are followed. However, there are some important differences between the two plans that you will want to understand.

Will I Pay Tax When I Convert to AND Distribute Funds from a Roth IRA?

It's time for another edition of The Slott Report Mailbag, where we answer consumer questions on situations involving Roth conversions and the pro-rata rule, whether you need earned income to contribute to a Roth IRA and certain Roth IRA tax scenarios (reminder: Tax Day is Monday!)

What Options Does an Estate Have as IRA Beneficiary?

This week's Slott Report Mailbag dives into details on SIMPLE IRAs and SEP IRAs, explains the legality of having a 401(k) versus a Roth 401(k) and walks the questioner through the options an estate has as an IRA beneficiary. As always, we stress the importance of working with a competent, educated financial advisor to keep your retirement nest egg safe and secure.

Can You Contribute to a Roth 401(k) and Roth IRA in the Same Year?

Can you contribute to a Roth IRA if you are already allocating salary deferrals to a Roth 401(k)? We provide the answer and look at the contribution requirements for both Traditional and Roth IRAs.

The 70 1/2 and Working RMD Rule: Does it Apply to Self-Employed Business Owners?

This week's Slott Report Mailbag includes two great questions, including one that piggybacks off an answer in last week's mailbag referencing RMDs (required minimum distributions) at age 70 1/2 and still working. Click to read this week's Q&A with our IRA Technical Expert.

401(k) Plan Required Minimum Distribution Questions...and Our Answers

We have written extensively about required minimum distributions (RMDs) for IRAs, but we haven't talked a lot about RMDs for 401(k) plans. Our staff writers and technical consultants have started to receive a steady stream of questions on this topic, so we decided to devote some virtual estate to answer a few of the frequently asked questions.

You CAN'T Change Your Mind on a Roth 401(k) Conversion

While many of us know that you can convert an IRA to a Roth IRA, a process that’s not as well understood is a Roth 401(k) conversion. If you participate in a 401(k) at work, you can convert your existing plan assets to a Roth account inside the 401(k) plan. This option is known as an “in-plan conversion.” But check with your employer first because although the law allows an in-plan conversion, your plan may not have this option.

Slott Report Mailbag: I Am Confused About the Roth IRA 5-Year Rules!

ed slott IRA, tax and retirement questions
This week's Slott Report Mailbag includes an answer to a question on those rules, as well as an inquiry on spousal beneficiary rules and the differences between an IRAs and fixed annuities. Click to read a Q&A with our IRA Technical Expert.

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