A Tale of Two Spouses Inheriting IRAs
By Beverly DeVeny, IRA Technical Expert
Follow Me on Twitter: @BevIRAEdSlott
Ann and Zelda are both 72 years young and now widows after their 74-year-old spouses died this year. Both inherited an IRA from their spouse in the amount of $100,000. Ann’s advisor had her move the funds to an inherited IRA. The account is titled Alan, deceased, IRA fbo Ann. Zelda’s advisor had her move the funds into an IRA in Zelda’s name. The account is titled Zelda’s IRA.
There age and circumstances are where the similarities end. From here their stories are very different.
Ann’s Inherited IRA
As a beneficiary, Ann must calculate her required minimum distributions (RMDs) based on her age. Her factor comes from the IRS Single Life Table. When she takes her first RMD in 2015 at the age of 73, her life expectancy factor is 14.8 years. Assuming no earnings on her IRA, she divides the $100,000 by 14.8 and learns she has to take a distribution of $6,757 in 2015.
Ann named her children as the beneficiaries of her inherited IRA. Brad is 45 and Cathy is 40. At Ann’s death, both Brad and Cathy will continue using Ann’s age to calculate their RMDs. Assuming Ann dies in 2015, Brad and Cathy will have to use a factor of 13.8 in 2016 (based on Ann’s age in 2015 and reduced by one).
As an account owner, Zelda will calculate her RMDs based on her age and a factor from the IRS Uniform Lifetime Table. For a 73 year old, the life expectancy factor is 24.7 years. Dividing her balance of $100,000 by 24.7 means Zelda has an RMD of $4,049.
Zelda named her children, Xavier and Yvette, as the beneficiaries of her IRA. They are 45 and 40. At Zelda’s death in 2015, they will both get to use their own ages to calculate their RMDs. Xavier will have a single life expectancy factor of 37.9 (age 46) and Yvette (age 41) will have a factor of 42.7 (based on their ages in 2016).
If only RMDs are taken from Zelda’s account, her account will last much longer than Ann’s account. Zelda’s RMD is smaller and the RMDs to her children, when they inherit, will be smaller. This will make the account last longer and will reduce the amount of income tax that will have to be paid each year on the RMDs.
The difference is $2,708 in the first year ($6,757 - $4,049) . The difference in the life expectancy factors for the children is almost 30 years of distributions. Zelda’s children will have 30 years more of distributions than Ann’s children. It’s the difference of A to Z.
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